Danish instructors undergo a task that Iraqi units will solve at the Al Asad Air Base in Iraq.
Stabilisation and the Comprehensive approach
Danish soldiers participate in international military operations in several conflict areas around the world. However, military forces alone cannot ensure stability in countries that have suffered several years of conflict and war.
In order to meet this challenge Denmark has increased its focus on comprehensive approaches, which utilize and integrate foreign and development policies as well as military efforts. In September 2013 a stabilization policy (Denmark's integrated stabilisation engagement in fragile and conflict-affected areas of the world
) was introduced. The policy summarized the Danish approach to comprehensive stabilization efforts so far, and how the integration of the instruments of different ministries can be strengthened.
The stabilization policy sets the direction for Danish efforts in order to create a more holistic framework both thematically and geographically.
The peace- and stabilization Fund
The funding for stabilisation activities comes from the Peace and Stabilisation Fund. The fund holds around 300 million kr. annually until 2017. The implementation of efforts within the framework of the Peace- and Stabilisation fund is planned in programs lasting several years and is being administered by an inter-ministerial structure consisting of civil servants. This approach increases synergy and coherence between the wide range of Danish civil and military efforts. In the framework of the Peace and Stabilisation Fund regional programmes are being implemented in Syria-Iraq, Sahel, Eastern Africa and Afghanistan-Pakistan. In addition, a number of smaller efforts are also being implemented.
A comprehensive structure
The intergovernmental structure gathers representatives from the Prime Minister’s Office, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Justice – and other ministries when necessary – in an inter-ministerial steering committee. The committee convenes 5-8 times annually.
The steering committee is being serviced by an inter-ministerial secretariat: A group of civil servants from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defence write joint inputs to the steering committee. This is to ensure a comprehensive approach already from the early stages of planning. The integrated approach provides the institutional and strategic framework for the Danish stabilisation efforts, but steps towards a comprehensive approach is also taken at other levels as well as directly between different actors.
Not only a national phenomenon
Increased focus on stabilization efforts is also found at the international level. EU, NATO and the UN all have or are developing comprehensive approaches to international engagements – and Denmark is among the countries leading this development. Well-functioning international organisations that are capable of implementing effective stabilisation efforts are important to Denmark, because a Danish contribution will always take place in an international framework. Danish initiatives regarding comprehensive approaches will follow international developments, just as Denmark actively will try to affect developments within for example NATO.
This article in Danish