Danish forces are contributing to a more safe and secure environment in Afghanistan
The Danish engagement in Afghanistan
From the beginning of 2015, Afghan national security forces took full responsibility for the security in Afghanistan. This shift of responsibility marked the beginning of a more equal cooperation between Afghanistan and the international community. However, the country is still facing major challenges. The former ISAF mission (International Security Assistance Force) is therefore, on invitation by the Afghan government, replaced by the NATO-led Resolute Support Mission (RSM). RSM consists of more than 16.000 soldiers aiming to strengthen Afghanistan's ability to take care of themselves. RSM is not a combat mission, but focuses on training, counseling and support for national institutions, including a focus on Afghan national security forces. RSM is in Afghanistan on a mandate from the UN Security Council. 39 countries participate in the mission.
The Danish effort
Denmark's military contribution in Afghanistan operates within the framework of parliamentary resolution B25 of 18 December 2014 on a Danish military contribution to RSM. The goal of Denmark's military efforts is to contribute with the required training, counseling and support capacities in the mission. During 2014, the Danish force contribution was adjusted, which has created the prerequisites for meeting the new objectives under the RSM. The training and counseling efforts are gathered in Kabul and the Danish military contribution consists of approximately 100 people.
The Danish Forces are deployed as follows:
Purposes of the effort
- Training and advisory contributions: Includes approx. 25 people, distributed by advisory functions at the Afghan officers school and the Afghan officers academy.
- Transport and Security contributions: Approx. 30 people to transport and security advisors and staff officers in Kabul.
- A staff contribution: Approx. 15 people to Resolute Support Mission Headquarters.
- A military policy contribution: Approx. 10 people in Kabul airport.
- Logistics, administrative and technical support: Includes a support-element of approx. 20 people, which may vary, depending on how the current needs develop.
The overall purpose of the Danish efforts in Afghanistan is to contribute to national, regional and global security and stability by preventing the country from becoming a sanctuary for terrorists. At the same time, the Danish efforts must contribute to the emergence of a stable and more developed Afghanistan, which manages its own security, continues its democratic development and promotes respect for human rights. The purpose of the RSM is to ensure robust security institutions where the security forces are under civilian control and ensure security in accordance with Afghan law and international law.
The Danish military and civilian efforts in Afghanistan Denmark has, with the Afghanistan Plan 2015-2017, a total three-year plan for the Danish military and civilian efforts in Afghanistan until the end of 2017. The importance of Danish engagement is on development efforts. This includes the commitment to three strategic principles: consolidation, which indicates that Denmark focuses on the core areas where up to now, results have been created, for example. in the education system; Afghan ownership, which emphasizes the importance of the Afghan government leading the way in delivering concrete progress to the population; normalization, which emphasizes the importance of developing relations between Afghan authorities and the international community towards more equal development cooperation. In addition, Denmark is actively supporting a peace- and reconciliation process between the Afghan government and the Taliban, as well as the main rebel groups. In recent years, significant progress has been made in the building of Afghan national security forces, so that today's forces comprise about 352,000 men - divided by police and army. But there is still a need for further capacity building of security forces. In the framework of RSM, Denmark is helping to ensure that the Afghans get the right training and skills that will enable security forces to take care of the country's security, even in the future. Danish development commitment focuses on growth and employment, education and strengthening democracy and human rights. Aid of 530 million has been earmarked for development for the period 2013-2017.
Through the regional peace and stabilization program for Afghanistan-Pakistan, Denmark contributes with an average of DKK 100 million a year for the building of Afghan national security forces.
The Danish Afghanistan Plan 2015-2017 is backed by the Social Democrats, Socialist People's Party, Radical Left, Left, Conservative People's Party, Danish People's Party, and the Liberal Alliance. Denmark is in Afghanistan to: Secure Denmark. If we do not solve the problems in Afghanistan, the problems will come to us.
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- Ensure that Afghanistan is not again home to terrorists.
- Help create a stable and more developed Afghanistan.
- Strengthen the ability of Afghan national security forces to take care of security in the country.