Fighter – Evaluation areas
In order to provide the best possible basis for a political decision regarding the selection of a new fighter, the New Fighter Program has conducted comprehensive evaluations of the three fighter candidates.
The evaluations have focused on four particular areas:
- Strategic aspects: the ability of the candidates to manage or fulfil the overarching Danish defence and security policy objectives, including the potential for cooperation with other countries.
- Military aspects: the ability of the candidates to conduct fighter missions (mission effectiveness), the candidates’ survivability, opportunities for keeping the aircraft operational and technically relevant within its expected lifespan (future development) as well as the risks associated with each candidate that cannot be economically quantified (candidate risk).
- Economic aspects: the estimated life cycle costs of the candidates, including costs associated with procurement, ongoing operations and sustainment as well as quantifiable risks.
- Industrial aspects: the ability of the candidates to support significant Danish security interests through industrial cooperation with the Danish defence industry.
The evaluations are based on a 30-year period of use for the new fighter aircraft (2020-2049). Additionally, the evaluations have also been based on a continuation of the current tasks and level of ambition for the Danish F-16 fighter aircraft capacity. This means that the new fighter aircraft must be able to perform the same tasks as the F-16 fighters perform today. The primary basis for information that the evaluations are based on is the candidates’ responses to a request for information, known as a ‘Request for Binding Information’ (RBI). This was sent to the candidates on 10 April 2014. The RBI consisted of approximately 950 questions.
The New Fighter Program received the responses from the suppliers of the Eurofighter, the Joint Strike Fighter and the Super Hornet on 21 July 2014. The New Fighter Program has carried out a range of activities to ensure the validity of the information that the suppliers have provided. These activities have consisted of, for example, flying in the candidates’ aircraft in the cases where this was possible, flying in the candidates’ simulators, interviews with other users of the candidates’ aircraft as well as system-technical analyses of the sub-systems of the aircraft, conducted by Danish Defence experts.
For each of the four evaluation areas, the New Fighter Program has developed special evaluation strategies and models. The models include detailed descriptions of how the individual evaluations were to be conducted, including the order in which each step of the process was to be carried out.
The evaluations of the strategic, military and industrial areas have been largely based on qualitative analyses and evaluations. In these areas, the New Fighter Program has made use of various expert panels, which have ultimately evaluated and ranked the candidates. The participating experts have represented a broad range of competencies and experience related to the specific evaluation areas.
The evaluation of the economic aspects had a quantitative-approach. In this connection, a dynamic economic model was used which was developed by the New Fighter Program in cooperation with Deloitte. This model was used to calculate the estimated life cycle costs of the candidates.
External quality assurance
The evaluations that the New Fighter Program has carried out have been subject to comprehensive external quality assurance. One of the primary tasks in connection with the external quality assurance has been to ensure that the fighter candidates were evaluated on a robust foundation as well as to ensure the equal treatment of the three candidates. The quality assurance has been carried out by Danish experts from Deloitte in cooperation with international experts from RAND Europe assisted by QinetiQ and Vorderman Consultancy. Read report in Danish