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Defence expenditure 

The total budget amounts to 23.6 billion DKK in 2019 according to the Danish Finance Act for 2019.

The appropriations are primarily based on the Danish Defence Agreement 2018-2023 of January 28, 2018 and Agreement of new fighter aircraft of June 9, 2016. .

The appropriations are distributed among main accounts, activity areas and budget areas (see table 1-3 below).


Table 1: Overview of the appropriations 2017-2018 (current prices) and 2019-2022 (based on 2019 prices)
Open pdf: Overview of the appropriations of the Ministry of Defence in the Finance Act 2019

 
Table 2: Ministry of Defence in the Finance Act 2019 on activity areas

Table 2: Ministry of Defence in the Finance Act 2019 on activity areas

 
Table 3: Appropriations in the Finance Act 2019 of Ministry of Defence distributed into budget areas


Table 3: Appropriations in the Finance Act 2019 of Ministry of Defence distributed into budget areas

For further information of the Danish defence budget refer to the Agency for Modernisation, Ministry of Finance www.modst.dk 

NATO definition of the defence expenditures
NATO calculates the defence expenditures of each member state according to NATO’s own definition. This calculation, which is a part of the Defence Planning Capability Survey, creates the basis for comparison of the defence expenditures across NATO member states. The NATO definition differs in certain aspects from the Danish definition of the defence budget. In the NATO definition the following expenditure are fully or partly included:

  • Pensions for public servants under the Ministry of Defence 
  • Pension costs according to law on civilian workers 
  • State pension to retirees 
  • Healthcare for present employees 
  • Qualifying civilian education acquired by newly recruited military personnel 
  • VAT 
  • National Survey and Cadastre 
  • Danish Meteorological Institute 
  • Denmark’s financial share of defence related initiatives of the EU 
  • Denmark’s assessed contributions to UN peacekeeping operations

Conversely expenditures for civil defence and certain other strictly civilian expenditures are deducted.

The calculation of the Danish defence expenditures according to the NATO definition results in a somewhat higher estimate on the defence expenditures than the national definition (see table 4 below)

A part of the NATO Defence Planning Capability Survey is a calculation of the defence expenditure as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product in the member states (see table 5 below).

Tabel 4: Danish defence expenditure according til NATO's definition (million national currency)
Million DKK 2012    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019e
25,618 23,682 22,769 22,633 24,190 24,961 28,787 31,100


Tabel 5: Danish defence expenditure as a percentage of Gross Domiestic Product according til NATO's definition (based on 2015 prices)
Percentage 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019e
1,35 1,23 1,15 1,11 1,15 1,15 1,30 1,35

e) Based on estimated for 2018.

More information can be found on NATO's homepage.

This article in Danish
Last updated 2019-09-13 - 13:49

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