The Danish effort in the Sahel region, contributes in the fight against terrorism and securing stability in the region. Since the conflict began in 2012 has Denmark supported with military contributions in Mali and the Sahel region several times. Denmark is contributing with international partners and the Peace and Stabilization fund.
Danish transport aircraft. Photo: Danish Defence.
Denmark has contributed to the UN’s mission in Mali, MINUSMA, since 2014 and has three times provided a C-130J transport aircraft for the mission (2014, 2017 and 2019/2020). In 2016, Danish special operation forces were part of a Dutch Task Group in the Gao region in Mali. The primary tasks consisted of patrol activities, monitoring tasks and area analysis. In 2015-2016 a Danish major general served as force commander for MINUSMA. In 2019-2020, a Danish personnel were deployed to Gao in order to gather information for MINUSMA about activities in the area. In addition, Denmark has provided substantial financial support to MINUSMA.
Currently, Denmark provides a small number of staff officers to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali.
Between 2019 and 2020, a Danish helicopter contribution, incl. app. 70 persons, was deployed to the French-led Operation Barkhane to support the international effort to counter terrorism in the Sahel region. The Danish helicopter contribution was placed in Gao in the eastern part of Mali where it was carrying out transportation tasks, including transport of troops and equipment.
The Danish government will by the end of spring 2021, ask for a mandate in parliament, for contributing with Danish special operations in Task Force Takuba in Mali. The contribution will further consist of a medical team and staff officers. With approval, will the contribution take place in 2022 with approximately 105 people. In May 2021, a proposal made by the Danish government for a special operations contribution to Task Force Takuba in Mali was approved. However, due to statements made by the Malian government, the Danish contingent was withdrawn. As of April 2022, the Danish military contribution has been terminated.
Task Force Takuba´s mission is to support, advise and accompany the Mali security forces and strengthen their own capabilities to handle the treat of terror in the vicinity of Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso.
On 24 October 2019 the Danish Parliament adopted motion B6 for a Danish military contribution in support of MINUSMA and motion B7 for a Danish military contribution in support of Operation Barkhane.
MINUSMA was established in 2013, authorized by the UN Security Council (Resolution 2100). The purpose of MINUSMA is to support the implementation of a ceasefire between the government of Mali and the armed groups "Platform" and "Coordination" and to protect civilians, among other things. The mission has the authority to use all necessary means (including military means) to carry out its mandate. The current authorisation is for a maximum of 13,289 soldiers and 1,920 policemen. Apart from Denmark, the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali is also supported by The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Germany, among others.
Read more about the MINUSMA mission at UN.org
France has established Operation Barkhane to counter terrorism in the Sahel-region. Currently, app. 5000 French troops are deployed in the operation to which also Great Britain (helicopters) and Estonia (infantry unit) contributes. The area of operations covers Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauretania and Niger. In 2013, Denmark provided a transport aircraft to the French-led, Operation Serval, which was the forerunner to Operation Barkhane. Denmark has not previously contributed to Operation Barkhane.
Period of timeFra 2012